Creation: second half of 2022, in collaboration with the Centre de Recherche Droit Dauphine (CR2D)
Theme: The opening up of passenger rail transport to competition in Europe was the subject of a study initiated with the Centre de Recherche Droit Dauphine on the French case. The project then sought to develop this study through comparative law.
France, in fact, with the law of 28 June 2018 known as the "New Rail Pact", transposing European Directive 2016/2370 of 14 December 2016 on the opening up of the market for national rail passenger transport services, is one of the last European States to have opened up its domestic passenger transport services to competition.
We now need to analyse the ways in which our European neighbours have done this.
A number of questions need to be asked in order to analyse the concrete results of opening up to competition in European countries, and these can form the backbone of the discussions: What methods of opening up to competition and what ways of organising the sector have been adopted in these countries? Has competition really taken hold and have consumers seen the benefits? Are there still obstacles to full and effective competition? Have disputes arisen and led to changes in the organisation and regulation of the sector?
Organisation: weekly working sessions in the second half of 2022 with a view to preparing an international conference on this theme, under the scientific direction of Aurore Laget-Annamayer, Professor of Law at Dauphine.
Results 2022-2023 :
- Eric Brousseau, Scientific Director of the Chair, was asked to write an article for Le Monde at the end of 2022 on the subject of market liberalisation (published at the beginning of 2023).
- An international conference under the direction of Aurore Laget-Annamayer was held on 3 February 2023 at the Université Paris Dauphine-PSL.
- Academics, operators and regulators from the European transport sector, including the ART and several of its counterparts from EU Member States, led the conference, which was held in early 2023.
- The exchanges will be put to good use in 2023, and the research work will continue.