Work Programme: Digital Transformation
This working group proposes to develop a common reflection, in order to develop an argued point of view on the regulation of digital platforms in the context of the current European (and American) debates. In particular, it is a question of thinking about how to implement responsible governance while allowing for innovation. The question of the effectiveness of public action and its articulation with the constraints of competitiveness is also central.
Digital technology tends to radically transform the capacities for processing and circulating information, and therefore for coordination. Transparent and ubiquitous access to information, just-in-time and adaptive information processing, and the use of algorithmic means are transforming the problems and capacities of collective governance. This group proposes to reflect on the questioning of traditional coordination mechanisms, including the State, and on the implications and requirements of a more reactive and decentralised governance adapted to societies characterised by more agile and personalised coordination modes.
Work programme : Ecological transition
The ecological transition requires the development of more "multimodal" and "decentralised" mobility and energy systems. New entrants are bringing new technologies and new business models to this effect, which must then be articulated with the resources of traditional operators. This requires new technical and economic coordination methods. It is also a challenge for regulation.
This working group brings together an ecosystem that encourages exchanges between economists and engineers who share their knowledge, approaches and methods on the themes of transport, energy and climate.
For BlaBlaCar, the aim is to develop a multimodal offer and the academic teams involved will be mobilised to understand the demand, offer and regulation in this ecosystem for a period of 42 months. Dauphine is part of the research consortium dedicated to the PSE projects and ESSEC.
This working group began by crossing the reflections carried out within the Chair on a thesis currently being finalised on the "off-market" strategies of mass-market retailers in the dynamic context of the energy transition, and a thesis being started on the organisation of recycling sectors and public service delegation models.
The possibilities for innovation by economic actors in a non-market setting or under the supervision of a regulatory authority provide interesting insights into the way in which companies perceive environmental regulations, but also the opportunities and risks. This working group allows the start of an argued reflection in the field of circular economy regulation.
Work programme : Public Governance, Institutions, Regulation
The Public Governance working group focuses on the relationships between public and political institutions, civil society and the market, and studies them through the prism of the tools and concepts of economic analysis. Particular emphasis is placed on the collection and use of original data. The work is based on various research projects carried out within the Chair, such as: the study of administrative or historical archives to study the regulation of industry and markets over a long period of time and its consequences; the analysis of interactions between economic and political institutions; the behaviour of elected politicians and the implications for public policy; the making of European policies through the prism of a detailed study of the legislative process and public consultations; or the comparison of regulatory policies between OECD countries.
These topics are considered empirically and discussed by a group of economists and data scientists as well as by external experts.
Project "Sectoral regulation"
This working group focuses on the analysis of the evolution and functioning of the supplementary health insurance (AMC) market in France. The AMC, which accounts for 13.4% of health expenditure and constitutes a second tier of cover after compulsory health insurance (AMO), covers more than 95% of the population; 37 billion euros of contributions are collected under the AMC. It is also a sector that has opened up strongly to competition in recent years and has been significantly impacted by changes in prudential regulations. The combination of these elements has led to a concentration of supply. However, the latter remains marked by the coexistence of very heterogeneous players based on contrasting business models and developing differentiated strategies. The result is complex developments in a market that is highly segmented among various categories of beneficiaries. Both public authorities and stakeholders have noted the shortcomings of the way this market is regulated (such as the inflation of optical expenses, the poor coverage of certain categories of expenses and the persistence of inequalities in access to care). The project aims to deepen the knowledge of this market by analysing the modalities of competition between providers, the behaviour of demand, and the effects of regulatory reforms on the functioning of the market. The micro-economic approach adopted seeks to better document the diversity of providers, the diversity of beneficiaries as well as the organisational details of the functioning of the market (e.g. role of intermediaries, marketing channels, etc.) in order to better understand the origin of the lack of adjustment between supply and demand.
This working group is a collaboration with the Centre de Recherche Droit Dauphine (CR2D) on a project on the regulatory issues related to the opening of the railway sector to competition in the EU.
This working group was founded on the observation that there was a need to renew the regulatory framework set up in the 1990s, because of other current public policy concerns, whatever the sector considered, such as the ecological transition, the renovation of industrial networks, and safety in all its forms.
The need for a legal reflection, nourished by economic and sociological approaches, on the evolutions of economic regulation, by closely associating the stakeholders, including first and foremost, the regulated companies, has become the guiding thread of the workshops organised within the framework of this project.
The adoption of a regulatory model based, on the one hand, on the independence of the institutions that manage it and, on the other hand, on the principle of competition between operators, is promoted by the OECD and many other international institutions; its implementation, however, is subject to historical and institutional specificities specific to each country. This results in very different regulatory systems in practice.